Prevention of Human Traffiking and Awareness about Irregular Migration
The phenomenon of migrations affects worries and destabilizes the political and public opinion of the entire World since ever. According to the United Nations estimates, only in 2013 the presence of migrants in the world has reached the threshold of 232 million records (transnational migrants), a figure that reaches a billion people if we take into account the internal migrations (displaced/IDPs). In 2015 alone, the number migrants who entered Germany alone exceeded 1,000,000 (one million).
It was revealed by IOM that Ghana topped the African countries in irregular migration in the year 2015. Over 4,400 Ghanaians arrived on the shores of Italy by sea (irregularly). No one is able to estimate the number of deaths. By the time of finalising this report, IOM reports that 164,041 migrants or refugees have entered Europe by sea in 2016, through 27 March. The Italian Ministry of Interior is reporting an estimated 15,218 in Italy by sea.
Information from migrants who managed to arrive in Italy tell of physical, sexual and psychological abuses and deprivations suffered during the journey to the coasts of Europe, and this represents a physical and moral tribute that is added to the high economic costs incurred for the journey and often to the ransom imposed by traffickers to the families of origin. In most cases, harassments and abuses continue even after the arrival in the destination country, in fact, the condition of illegal residents makes them easy victims of criminal organizations. View the drama and the spread of the phenomenon, the fight against trafficking in human beings has become a priority (hot issue) of International Agenda.
In the light the weight of these phenomenon, VIS and the Salesians in the Mediterranean countries, Middle East and African continent -mainly affected by the phenomena of migrations of their citizens-, together with the consensus of communities and local political and religious institutions, want to formulate concrete answers to intervene in countries of origin and transit to prevent irregular migration and combat human trafficking starting awareness campaigns. The programme is planned in 3 steps:
Step 1 – Pre-feasibility research to understand the situation at the root (source) of the migrants. This was to inform the programme on the real motivations and challenges.
Step 2 – Education campaigns: a/ Awareness campaign on the reality and the dangers involved in irregular migration; b/ Education on legal migration and real chances of making it overseas.
Step 3 – Development projects and programmes to give choice to potential migrants.
Action for Sustainable Living
Following the aim of combating illegal migration and human trafficking, we want to introduce this new action to improve life condition in the Brong Ahafo Region, through the promotion and management of natural resources.
Brong Ahafo region has an area of 39.557 square kilometers, with a population of 1,815,408. There are several villages and communities, Sunyani is the regional capital with a population of 87,642. It is a transition zone consisting of savannah and forest. The economy is mainly based on agriculture, led by peasant farmers. The region depends mainly on rivers, animals bush forest for hunting, and wild fruit crops.
The villages and the communities have realized the increasing depletion of their sources of livelihood but lacks credible alternatives. The project will not only create awareness, but help the communities develop life changing modes of sustainable living as a credible alternative to current limited living with the individuals, groups and communities as the protagonist of change in their lifestyles that reduces greenhouse gas emission and protect water bodies (and life in water).
To promote environmentally friendly measures and sustainable lifestyles among the communities in rural Brong Ahafo.
- Sustainable and biological farming.
- Biological soap making.
- Organic farming and animal production.
- Promoting environmentally friendly/natural lifestyles.
Development of the ecological agriculture:
- Agriculture school development (at the Salesian agriculture school of Sunyani).
- Establishment of mentorship farms.
- Creation of greenhouses.
- Regenerating deserted areas (re-afforestation) – tree planting, etc.
- Undertaking infrastructural and basic services communities’ initiatives for natural resources management.
- Promotion and marketing of local products.
Eco-tourism and water conservation:
- Environment analysis and selection of new eco-tourist itineraries and potential natural sanctuaries.
- Building/construction of portable borehole water sources.
- Delivering eco-tourism trainings for local and natural guides, guest-house and farmhouse owners, local producers and natural reserve managers.
- Establishment of a local network of stakeholders involved in tourism and LAs and support the creation of new natural sanctuaries and/or eco-tourist itineraries.
Local development – sustainability measures:
- Constitution of the Fund for Agriculture and Tourism Development.
- Establishment of Right of Wildlife and Eco-system Club (ROWEC).
- Creation of brands, networking and advertising events.
Over 200,000 people will be target in 5 administrative districts with direct life changing actions. 80 villages and small communities will directly benefit in the various actions.