British influence and control over what would become Nigeria and Africa’s most populous country grew through the 19th century. A series of constitutions after World War II granted Nigeria greater autonomy; independence came in 1960. Following nearly 16 years of military rule, a new constitution was adopted in 1999, and a peaceful transition to civilian government was completed. The government continues to face the daunting task of reforming a petroleum-based economy, whose revenues have been squandered through corruption and mismanagement, and institutionalizing democracy. In addition, Nigeria continues to experience longstanding ethnic and religious tensions. Although both the 2003 and 2007 presidential elections were marred by significant irregularities and violence, Nigeria is currently experiencing its longest period of civilian rule since independence. The general elections of April 2007 marked the first civilian-to-civilian transfer of power in the country’s history and the elections of 2011 were generally regarded as credible. In January 2014, Nigeria assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2014-15 terms.
DON BOSCO DEVELOPMENT WORKS AND ACTIVITIES IN NIGERIA
With the 8 Salesian Communities in Akure, Ibadan,Ondo and Onitsha plus 2 in Abuja and Lagos Nigeria. The following works were realised in 2015.
- 1 Junior Secondary School for 180 pupils per annum/yearly.
- 1 Senior Secondary School for 151 pupils per annum/yearly.
- 3 Technical/Vocational Schools for 703 Pupils per annum/yearly.
- 1 Evening School with 60 Beneficiaries per annum/yearly. Total Beneficiaries – 1,094 (991 males and 103 females).
- 1 Children welfare/Scholarship Programme supporting 1,500 beneficiaries annually.
Social and Pastoral Works
- 6 Oratory and Youth Centres for 2,045 Participants. Total Participants are 2,045 Youngsters (1,120 males and 925 females) daily.
- 5 Parishes with about 7,750 faithful managed and supported by 22 SDB’s and 36 lay workers.
- 1 Mission – Outstations with about 630 faithful managed by 2 SDB’s and 19 lay workers.
- 1 Chaplaincies with about 1,000 faithful managed by 6 SDB’s and 4 lay workers.
Assistance to Youth at Risk
- 8 Hostel/Boarding School accommodating 400 students managed by 9 SDB’s and 17 lay workers.
- 1 Child Protection Centre/Street Works Programme benefiting an average of 60 children exposed to risk yearly.
- Educational Scholarship Programme supporting 56 children and young people with poor background yearly.
- Health Centre recording 16,120 patients annually.
- 2 Aspirantate Centre.
- 1 Pre - Novitiate (Formation Institution).
- 1 Post - Novitiate (Formation Institution).
- 1 Institute of Philosophy for 76 Pupils per annum/yearly.
POPULATION: (UNDP July 2014 est.): 82.321million.
LIFE EXPECTANCY: Nigerians have been reported to be living longer by eight years. Nigerians are now said to be living longer than they used to, despite the fact that heart diseases, lower respiratory tract infections and stroke, which top the list of 20 major causes of premature deaths worldwide, are equally killing our people in large numbers. In the new World Health Statistics 2014 report published by the World Health Organisation (WHO), the world was said to have witnessed major gains in life expectancy in recent decades. The report revealed that Nigerians’ life expectancy that stood at 46 years in 1990 rose to 54 years in 2012.
LANGUAGE: English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani, over 500 additional indigenous languages
LITERACY RATE: Definition; age 15 and over can read and write
- Total rate: 61.3%
- Male: 72.1%
- Female: 50.4% (2010 est.)
UNEMPLOYMENT RATE: (CIA World Fact-book 2011 est.): 23.9%.
INFLATION: (CIA World Fact-book 2014 est.): 8.1%.
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX: (UNDP 2013 est.): 0.47 Ranking 152nd.
POVERTY: Poverty has risen in Nigeria, with almost 100 million people living on less than a $1 (£0.63) a day, despite economic growth, statistics have shown. The National Bureau of Statistics said 60.9% of Nigerians in 2010 were living in “absolute poverty” - this figure had risen from 54.7% in 2004.
GDP-REAL GROWTH RATE: (CIA World Fact-book 2014 est.): 6.3%.
ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES: Agriculture, Industry and Service.
AGRICULTURE: Agriculture in Nigeria has greatly improved in the past few years because of the advent of technology and other necessary infrastructures. Initially, most Nigerian farmers merely engage in subsistence farming to provide food for their family while very little is made available in the market. Growth in agricultural output has no doubt been on the rise as farmer are stepping away from subsistence agriculture and embracing modern civilization - investing in large scale farming and ultimately increasing agricultural products.
RELIGION: (UNESCO 2008 Census): Christian 40%, Muslim 50% and 10% indigenous beliefs.